Today there are many owners who feel that cutting the tail and ears of their dogs makes them look more aesthetic. Some others argue that it is better for their hygiene and protection, but the reality is different. The practice of cutting the ears and / or the tail of your dog affects their social interaction, in addition to exposing them to pain and eventual infections. Paola Melly, a veterinarian specializing in small animals, says: "from the veterinary point of view, the owner's appearance does not justify the suffering at various levels to which the animal is subjected".
"Formerly there were certain types of tail as physical characteristics desired according to their function for different races. To the dogs of guard and defense like the doberman, bulldogs or the boxers, the ears were cut so that they did not have a vulnerable point if another animal wanted to attack them. But the practice was extended by aesthetic issues for dogs that began to fulfill company functions, "says Melly.
Melly adds that in recent years there are more veterinarians, who like her, refuse outright to carry out these operations and try to convince the owners not to ask for the following reasons:
1. It is not about cuts but about amputations.
The cuts of nails or hair are not traumatic events but part of the routine of cleaning and maintenance of the dog. But in the amputation of the tail (caudectomy) and in the ears, cartilages, nerves, blood vessels and other tissues are cut in addition to the skin.
2. The tail is the continuation of the spine in the can.
It is composed of vertebrae called caudal accompanied by other tissues; being an important element to maintain the balance of the dog. When running, turning and making certain movements the animal needs the tail. It's like he's his rudder.
3. The tail and the ears are vital for the communication of the dog.
In addition to oral communication (barking, grunting, moaning, etc.), the dog sends messages to other dogs on a physical and humoral level (smells). The position of the ears and the movement of the tail transmit important information for socialization with other animals.
4. It has no medical purposes that support it, only aesthetic.
Unless there are specific cases in which the health of the pet is affected, such as a tail fracture, the removal of a tumor in those areas or injuries that can not allow reconstruction, these amputations are prohibited in many countries.
5. It is extremely painful and traumatic for the animal.
Although tail amputation should be performed during the first five days of birth, because the nerves and tissues are less susceptible; the pain exists. Veterinarians who agree to do so apply a local anesthetic, but it is known that the breeders do not use it and subject the calf to unnecessary pain and trauma. The amputation of ears is a procedure characterized by causing abundant bleeding and post-operative recovery very uncomfortable for the pet.
6. Poor operations and / or postoperative management can cause the death of the dog.
As they are open wounds, infections by mutilation of tail could reach up to bone level and compromise the spine. In severe cases, the dog could suffer from septicemia (generalized infection) and die.
7. Any amputation compromises the behavior and normal development of the pet.
In addition to the amputation of tail and ears, some dog owners come to veterinarians requesting the cutting of the vocal cords for those who bark a lot. Literally they leave them speechless, unable to bark or with a deaf and aphonic bark. In the case of cats, the amputation of the claws goes beyond the cutting of nails, since the first phalanx of each finger is cut. In addition to infections, cats suffer deformation of the legs.
Hopefully these tips have been helpful. We really want you to take care of your pet and protect it from pain and possible damage to your body. Remember that nobody else loves you as much as your dog.
Many thanks to: El Universal